Here are the basic HVAC business requirements and the profit margin you should expect after opening this venture.

To establish a heating, ventilation and air conditioning business, you’ll need to abide by certain requirements. These requirements guide its operation.

We will be discussing such requirements. Apart from requirements, we will be discussing profitability with a focus on the profit margin.

This is an interesting and informative read for anyone willing to start an HVAC business.

Becoming A HVAC Technician

The services of HVAC technicians are in high demand. However, becoming one is quite demanding as anything worthwhile is. There are two routes to becoming a technician. One of them requires completing a degree from a technical school. The other involves training as an apprentice under technician.

None of these methods can be said to be better than the other for as long as it helps you achieve your objective. In the cases of an apprenticeship, you get as much on-the-job training. This can last as much as 5 to 6 years depending on who provides the training. During this time, you are taught all you need to know to succeed in your business.

Technical schools offer a shorter route to achieving this objective. Upon completion of your course, you obtain an associate’s degree or a certificate. The training period can last from a few months to 2 years.

Jobs Performed By A HVAC Technician

To start an HVAC business, you’ll need to determine beforehand your area of specialization. There are so many related fields to exploit. The most common include the sale of HVAC products and accessories. Technicians play a key role too. The jobs performed by HVAC technicians include installation services, system inspection as well as maintenance.

Others include determining HVAC system efficiency and making recommendations for energy efficiency recommendations. These are the basic functions performed by HVAC technicians.

HVAC Business Requirements

We’ll be splitting our topic into two main parts. These include HVAC business requirements as well as profit margin. This way, you get to have a better understanding of the topic being discussed. So without further delay, let’s begin with the following.

  • What Do You Prefer?

Every entrepreneur will need to have ready answers to this question. This question has to do with choosing a franchise or starting from scratch. The dynamics involved in each are entirely different. As an HVAC franchise owner, the rigors are much less compared to building an HVAC business from ground-up.

  • Obtain The Required Certifications

To run an HVAC business successfully, you’ll need to obtain certain certifications. These give your business credibility, increase your earning potentials, as well as enable you to handle bigger projects. This translates to more income. HVAC certifications include NATE, HVAC Excellence and the EPA 608.


This is the North American Technician Excellence certification which is a national written exam. Having this certification increases your prospects to handle bigger clients.

ii. EPA 608

As an HVAC technician, you will be handling and working with a variety of refrigerants. You’ll need to take a test to get certified. This boosts your credentials and boosts client confidence.

iii. HVAC Excellence

This certification includes writing a qualifying test. Unlike the others, the HVAC excellence test is only written after you must have obtained some years of experience.

  • Obtain Licensing

This requirement is for HVAC technicians who want to operate a business of their own. Licensing requirements for HVAC businesses will vary from state to state. Some states won’t be requiring a license though. You’ll have to determine what is obtainable in your state. This should serve as a guide.

  • Business Name

An HVAC business will need a name. In choosing a name, the name must be unique and unforgettable. It should be easy to pronounce and remember, keep it simple, give a clue as to what the business is about and ensure the name is available. Your HVAC business name must favor common suffixes, it should be such that allows future expansion.

  • Startup Costs

Startup costs are essential to the success of your HVAC business. Not having this properly figured and worked out will eventually fail. Luckily, the needed investments to start an HVAC business won’t cost a fortune. This should cost you anywhere from $2,000 to $15,000.

Startup costs will cover running costs. Running costs are recurring and include utilities, marketing, office supplies, car & business insurance as well as rent and wages. You’ll need to get a business van, safety equipment, among other things.

  • Business And Marketing Plan

Your business and marketing plan is indispensable to the smooth running and profitability of your HVAC business. These are among the most essential things you must have. With these, you can streamline your operations for the best results.

Profit Margin

This is the second part of our discussion. Here, we’ll be establishing the factors involved when it comes to profitability. As expected, profitability depends on how experienced an HVAC technician is. New technicians tend to earn much less due to the types of contracts (these aren’t substantial in most cases) they handle.

Experienced technicians, on the other hand, handle major contracts irrespective of whether they specialize in maintenance, repairs or sales. In terms of salaries, HVAC technicians are paid a median salary of around $45,000. Those at the bottom 10% earn an average of $27,000 while those at the top 10% earn above $71,000.

Those HVAC contractors who have been in the game for a considerable number of years normally charge a 12% net profit margin. Installation of new HVAC systems will attract a net profit of between 5 to 10%. These figures are only averages and might vary according to location.

There you go! We have discussed HVAC business requirements and profit margins. This gives the reader a better idea of what is involved when setting up an HVAC business. This applies to almost every HVAC subspecialty.